Quellenangaben: Gesund ohne Tierversuche - Mit idealer Ernährung Krebs, Herzinfarkt, Schlaganfall & Co vorbeugen

1. The World Health Report: 2002: Reducing risks, promoting healthy life. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva 2002.

2. Kroke, A, Walz, A. Mortalität an ernährungsmitbedingten chronischen Krankheiten. In: Ernährungsbericht 2004, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ernährung, Bonn 2004. p. 94.

3. Strassner, C. Die Gießener Rohkost-Studie: Ernährungs- und Gesundheitsstatus von Rohköstlern unter besonderer Berücksichtigung von Protein und Energie. Dissertation, Gießen 1998.

4. Singh, PN, Sabate, J, Fraser, GE. Does low meat consumption increase life expectancy in humans? Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 78:526S.

5. Giem, P, Beeson, WL, Fraser, GE. The incidence of dementia and intake of animal products: preliminary findings from the Adventist Health Study. Neuroepidemiology 1993; 12:28.

6. Beezhold, BL, Johnston, CS, Daigle, DR. Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in seventh day adventist adults. Nutr J 2010; 9:26.

7. Jorge, Eea. Protein intake and ovulatory infertility. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008; 198:210.e1.

8. Vergnaud, AC, Norat, T, Romaguera, D, et al. Meat consumption and prospective weight change in participants of the EPIC-PANACEA study. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 92:398.

9. Krzyszycha, R, Szponar, B. Body mass index (BMI) and dietary preferences of women living in rural areas. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2009; 60:75.

10. Sabate, J, Wien, M. Vegetarian diets and childhood obesity prevention. Am J Clin Nutr 2010; 91:1525S.

11. Azadbakht, L, Esmaillzadeh, A. Red meat intake is associated with metabolic syndrome and the plasma C-reactive protein concentration in women. J Nutr 2009; 139:335.

12. Tzoulaki, I, Brown, IJ, Chan, Q, et al. Relation of iron and red meat intake to blood pressure: cross sectional epidemiological study. BMJ 2008; 337:a258 LID.

13. Wang, L, Manson, JE, Buring, JE, Sesso, HD. Meat intake and the risk of hypertension in middle-aged and older women. J Hypertens 2008; 26:215.

14. Lutsey, PL, Steffen, LM, Stevens, J. Dietary intake and the development of the metabolic syndrome: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study. Circulation 2008; 117:754.

15. Appleby, PN, Davey, GK, Key, TJ. Hypertension and blood pressure among meat eaters, fish eaters, vegetarians and vegans in EPIC-Oxford. Public Health Nutr 2002; 5:645.

16. Fraser, GE. Vegetarian diets: what do we know of their effects on common chronic diseases? Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89:1607S.

17. Erber, E, Hopping, BN, Grandinetti, A, et al. Dietary patterns and risk for diabetes: the multiethnic cohort. Diabetes Care 2010; 33:532.

18. Tonstad, S, Butler, T, Yan, R, Fraser, GE. Type of vegetarian diet, body weight, and prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2009; 32:791.

19. Vang, A, Singh, PN, Lee, JW, et al. Meats, processed meats, obesity, weight gain and occurrence of diabetes among adults: findings from Adventist Health Studies. Ann Nutr Metab 2008; 52:96.

20. Aune, D, Ursin, G, Veierod, MB. Meat consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies. Diabetologia 2009; 52:2277.

21. Barnard, ND, Cohen, J, Jenkins, DJ, et al. A low-fat vegan diet and a conventional diabetes diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes: a randomized, controlled, 74-wk clinical trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89:1588S.

22. Rizzo, NSea. Vegetarian diets are associated with a lower risk of metabolic syndrome. The Adventist Health Study 2. The FASEB Journal 2010.

23. Williams, PT. Interactive effects of exercise, alcohol, and vegetarian diet on coronary artery disease risk factors in 9242 runners: the National Runners' Health Study. Am J Clin Nutr 1997; 66:1197.

24. Mahon, AK, Flynn, MG, Stewart, LK, et al. Protein intake during energy restriction: effects on body composition and markers of metabolic and cardiovascular health in postmenopausal women. J Am Coll Nutr 2007; 26:182.

25. Ashaye, A, Gaziano, J, Djousse, L. Red meat consumption and risk of heart failure in male physicians. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2010.

26. Key, TJ, Appleby, PN, Davey, GK, et al. Mortality in British vegetarians: review and preliminary results from EPIC-Oxford. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 78:533S.

27. Bernstein, AM, Treyzon, L, Li, Z. Are high-protein, vegetable-based diets safe for kidney function? A review of the literature. J Am Diet Assoc 2007; 107:644.

28. New, SA. Do vegetarians have a normal bone mass? Osteoporos Int 2004; 15:679.

29. Appleby, P, Roddam, A, Allen, N, Key, T. Comparative fracture risk in vegetarians and nonvegetarians in EPIC-Oxford. Eur J Clin Nutr 2007; 61:1400.

30. Ma, DF, Qin, LQ, Wang, PY, Katoh, R. Soy isoflavone intake inhibits bone resorption and stimulates bone formation in menopausal women: meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Eur J Clin Nutr 2008; 62:155.

31. Craig, WJ. Iron status of vegetarians. Am J Clin Nutr 1994; 59:1233S.

32. Messina, VK, Burke, KI. Position of the American Dietetic Association: vegetarian diets. J Am Diet Assoc 1997; 97:1317.

33. Yan Yan, Q, Kai Man, LC, Oi Wah, LA, et al. Persistent organic pollutants and heavy metals in adipose tissues of patients with uterine leiomyomas and the association of these pollutants with seafood diet, BMI, and age. Environmetal science and pollution research international 2009; 17:229.

34. Diez, S, Delgado, S, Aguilera, I, et al. Prenatal and early childhood exposure to mercury and methylmercury in Spain, a high-fish-consumer country. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 2009; 56:615.

35. Freire, C, Ramos, R, Lopez-Espinosa, MJ, et al. Hair mercury levels, fish consumption, and cognitive development in preschool children from Granada, Spain. Environ Res 2010; 110:96.

36. Gear, JS, Ware, A, Fursdon, P, et al. Symptomless diverticular disease and intake of dietary fibre. Lancet 1979; 1:511.

37. Aldoori, WH, Giovannucci, EL, Rimm, EB, et al. A prospective study of diet and the risk of symptomatic diverticular disease in men. Am J Clin Nutr 1994; 60:757.

38. Pixley, F, Wilson, D, McPherson, K, Mann, J. Effect of vegetarianism on development of gall stones in women. Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985; 291:11.

39. Muller, H, de Toledo, FW, Resch, KL. Fasting followed by vegetarian diet in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review. Scand J Rheumatol 2001; 30:1.

40. Aune, D, De Stefani, E, Ronco, A, et al. Meat consumption and cancer risk: a case-control study in Uruguay. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev 2009; 10:429.

41. Hu, J, La Vecchia, C, DesMeules, M, et al. Meat and fish consumption and cancer in Canada. Nutr Cancer 2008; 60:313.

42. Scharf gebratenes Fleisch unter Tumor-Verdacht. In: , Spiegel Online 2010.

43. Cross, AJ, Ferrucci, LM, Risch, A, et al. A large prospective study of meat consumption and colorectal cancer risk: an investigation of potential mechanisms underlying this association. Cancer Res 2010; 70:2406.

44. Ishikawa, S, Tamaki, S, Ohata, M, et al. Heme induces DNA damage and hyperproliferation of colonic epithelial cells via hydrogen peroxide produced by heme oxygenase: a possible mechanism of heme-induced colon cancer. Mol Nutr Food Res 2010; 54:1182.

45. Rohrmann, S, Hermann, S, Linseisen, J. Heterocyclic aromatic amine intake increases colorectal adenoma risk: findings from a prospective European cohort study. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89:1418.

46. Cross, AJ, Leitzmann, MF, Subar, AF, et al. A prospective study of meat and fat intake in relation to small intestinal cancer. Cancer Res 2008; 68:9274.

47. Polesel, J, Talamini, R, Negri, E, et al. Dietary habits and risk of pancreatic cancer: an Italian case-control study. Cancer Causes Control 2010; 21:493.

48. Lam, TK, Cross, AJ, Consonni, D, et al. Intakes of red meat, processed meat, and meat mutagens increase lung cancer risk. Cancer Res 2009; 69:932.

49. Edefonti, V, Bravi, F, Garavello, W, et al. Nutrient-based dietary patterns and laryngeal cancer: evidence from an exploratory factor analysis. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2010; 19:18.

50. Kallianpur, AR, Lee, SA, Xu, WH, et al. Dietary iron intake and risk of endometrial cancer: a population-based case-control study in Shanghai, China. Nutr Cancer 2010; 62:40.

51. Yeh, M, Moysich, KB, Jayaprakash, V, et al. Higher intakes of vegetables and vegetable-related nutrients are associated with lower endometrial cancer risks. J Nutr 2009; 139:317.

52. Kolahdooz, F, Ibiebele, TI, van der, PoJ, Webb, PM. Dietary patterns and ovarian cancer risk. Am J Clin Nutr 2009; 89:297.

53. Linos, E, Willett, WC, Cho, E, et al. Red meat consumption during adolescence among premenopausal women and risk of breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008; 17:2146.

54. Koutros, S, Cross, AJ, Sandler, DP, et al. Meat and meat mutagens and risk of prostate cancer in the Agricultural Health Study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2008; 17:80.

55. Recommendations for Cancer Prevention. American Institute for Cancer Research, 2007.

56. Fund, WC. Food, Nutrition and the Prevention of Cancer: a global perspective, American Institute for Cancer Research, Washington 1997.

57. Mangels, R. Vegetarian Diets During Pregnancy. URL, American Dietetic Association, 2010.

58. Martinez-Pedersen, S, Meerschaert, CM. Vegan Children. URL, American Dietetic Association, 2010.

59. Thomas, J, Ellis, FR. The health of vegans during pregnancy. Proc Nutr Soc 1977; 36:46.

60. Dwyer, JT, Palombo, R, Valadian, I, Reed, RB. Preschoolers on alternate life-style diets. Associations between size and dietary indexes with diets limited in types of animal foods. J Am Diet Assoc 1978; 72:264.

61. King, JC, Stein, T, Doyle, M. Effect of vegetarianism on the zinc status of pregnant women. Am J Clin Nutr 1981; 34:1049.

62. Ward, RJ, Abraham, R, McFadyen, IR, et al. Assessment of trace metal intake and status in a Gujerati pregnant Asian population and their influence on the outcome of pregnancy. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 1988; 95:676.

63. O'Connell, JM, Dibley, MJ, Sierra, J, et al. Growth of vegetarian children: The Farm Study. Pediatrics 1989; 84:475.

64. Drake, R, Reddy, S, Davies, J. Nutrient intake during pregnancy and pregnancy outcome of lacto-ovo-vegetarians, fish-eaters and non-vegetarians. Veg Nutr 1998; 2:45.

65. Dagnelie, PC, van Staveren, WA, van Klaveren, JD, Burema, J. Do children on macrobiotic diets show catch-up growth? A population-based cross-sectional study in children aged 0-8 years. Eur J Clin Nutr 1988; 42:1007.

66. Dagnelie, PC, van Staveren, WA, Vergote, FJ, et al. Nutritional status of infants aged 4 to 18 months on macrobiotic diets and matched omnivorous control infants: a population-based mixed-longitudinal study. II. Growth and psychomotor development. Eur J Clin Nutr 1989; 43:325.

67. Hallberg, L, Hulthen, L. Prediction of dietary iron absorption: an algorithm for calculating absorption and bioavailability of dietary iron. Am J Clin Nutr 2000; 71:1147.

68. Messina, M, Messina, V. The Dietitian's Guide to Vegetarian Diets. Issues and Applications., Aspen Publishers, Gaithersburg 1996.

69. Aziz, SA, Hussein, L. Evaluation of vitamin B12 status in Egypt IV: food consumption patterns among lactating mothers and their impact on the intake of the vitamin. Int J Food Sci Nutr 2005; 56:455.

70. Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada: Vegetarian diets. J Am Diet Assoc 2003; 103:748.

71. Seppo, L, Korpela, R, Lonnerdal, B, et al. A follow-up study of nutrient intake, nutritional status, and growth in infants with cow milk allergy fed either a soy formula or an extensively hydrolyzed whey formula. Am J Clin Nutr 2005; 82:140.

72. Sanders, TA. Growth and development of British vegan children. Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 48:822.

73. Fulgoni VL, 3r, Huth, PJ, DiRienzo, DB, Miller, GD. Determination of the optimal number of dairy servings to ensure a low prevalence of inadequate calcium intake in Americans. J Am Coll Nutr 2004; 23:651.

74. Gao, X, Wilde, PE, Lichtenstein, AH, Tucker, KL. Meeting adequate intake for dietary calcium without dairy foods in adolescents aged 9 to 18 years (National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001-2002). J Am Diet Assoc 2006; 106:1759.

75. Taylor, CS. Inauguraldissertation: Ökologische Bewertung von Ernährungsweisen anhand ausgewählter Indikatoren. In: natürlich vegetarisch, Giessen 2000. p. 1.

76. Wie tier- und klimafreundlich ist Deine Ernährung? In: , PETA Deutschland e.V., Gerlingen 2010.

77. Wasserfakten. In: , WasserStiftung, Ebenhausen 2010.

78. Wassermangel geht uns alle an. In: , WasserStiftung, Ebenhausen 2010.

79. Steinfeld, Hea. LIVESTOCK'S LONG SHADOW. Environmental issues and options, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rom 2006.

80. Deutschle, TD. Viehzucht. In: , Hamburg 2010.

81. Agriculture at a crossroads. Global Report. In: , International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development .

82. World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates 256. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service, Washington 1991.

83. Poverty and Hunger. World Bank, Washington 1994.