Quellenangaben: Gesund ohne Tierversuche – Gesunder Schlaf und Schlafstörungen

1. Schweizerische Gesundheitsbefragung SGB, Bundesamt für Statistik, Neuchâtel, Abruf: 01.08.2007

2. Herrera-Arellano, A.; Luna-Villegas, G.; Cuevas-Uriostegui, M. L.; Alvarez, L.; Vargas-Pineda, G.; Zamilpa-Alvarez, A. und Tortoriello, J.: Polysomnographic evaluation of the hypnotic effect of Valeriana edulis standardized extract in patients suffering from insomnia. Planta Med, 2001, 67(8), S.695-699

3. Leppamaki, S.; Meesters, Y.; Haukka, J.; Lonnqvist, J. und Partonen, T.: Effect of simulated dawn on quality of sleep--a community-based trial. BMC Psychiatry, 2003, 3, S.14

4. Thorn, L.; Hucklebridge, F.; Esgate, A.; Evans, P. und Clow, A.: The effect of dawn simulation on the cortisol response to awakening in healthy participants. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 2004, 29(7), S.925-930

5. Kuhlmann, J.; Berger, W.; Podzuweit, H. und Schmidt, U.: The influence of valerian treatment on "reaction time, alertness and concentration" in volunteers. Pharmacopsychiatry, 1999, 32(6), S.235-241

6. Donath, F.; Quispe, S.; Diefenbach, K.; Maurer, A.; Fietze, I. und Roots, I.: Critical evaluation of the effect of valerian extract on sleep structure and sleep quality. Pharmacopsychiatry, 2000, 33(2), S.47-53

7. Dorn, M.: [Efficacy and tolerability of Baldrian versus oxazepam in non-organic and non-psychiatric insomniacs: a randomised, double-blind, clinical, comparative study]. Forsch Komplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd, 2000, 7(2), S.79-84

8. Francis, A. J. und Dempster, R. J.: Effect of valerian, Valeriana edulis, on sleep difficulties in children with intellectual deficits: randomised trial. Phytomedicine, 2002, 9(4), S.273-279

9. Pallesen, S.; Bjorvatn, B.; Nordhus, I. H. und Skjerve, A.: [Valerian as a sleeping aid?]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen, 2002, 122(30), S.2857-2859

10. Poyares, D. R.; Guilleminault, C.; Ohayon, M. M. und Tufik, S.: Can valerian improve the sleep of insomniacs after benzodiazepine withdrawal? Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry, 2002, 26(3), S.539-545

11. Ziegler, G.; Ploch, M.; Miettinen-Baumann, A. und Collet, W.: Efficacy and tolerability of valerian extract LI 156 compared with oxazepam in the treatment of non-organic insomnia--a randomized, double-blind, comparative clinical study. Eur J Med Res, 2002, 7(11), S.480-486

12. Glass, J. R.; Sproule, B. A.; Herrmann, N.; Streiner, D. und Busto, U. E.: Acute pharmacological effects of temazepam, diphenhydramine, and valerian in healthy elderly subjects. J Clin Psychopharmacol, 2003, 23(3), S.260-268

13. Hallam, K. T.; Olver, J. S.; McGrath, C. und Norman, T. R.: Comparative cognitive and psychomotor effects of single doses of Valeriana officianalis and triazolam in healthy volunteers. Hum Psychopharmacol, 2003, 18(8), S.619-625

14. Muller, D.; Pfeil, T. und von den, D. riesch V.: Treating depression comorbid with anxiety--results of an open, practice-oriented study with St John's wort WS 5572 and valerian extract in high doses. Phytomedicine, 2003, 10 Suppl 4, S.25-30

15. Gutierrez, S.; Ang-Lee, M. K.; Walker, D. J. und Zacny, J. P.: Assessing subjective and psychomotor effects of the herbal medication valerian in healthy volunteers. Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 2004, 78(1), S.57-64

16. Gyllenhaal, C.; Merritt, S. L.; Peterson, S. D.; Block, K. I. und Gochenour, T.: Efficacy and safety of herbal stimulants and sedatives in sleep disorders. Sleep Med Rev, 2000, 4(3), S.229-251

17. Ballard, C. G.; O'Brien, J. T.; Reichelt, K. und Perry, E. K.: Aromatherapy as a safe and effective treatment for the management of agitation in severe dementia: the results of a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with Melissa. J Clin Psychiatry, 2002, 63(7), S.553-558

18. Kennedy, D. O.; Scholey, A. B.; Tildesley, N. T.; Perry, E. K. und Wesnes, K. A.: Modulation of mood and cognitive performance following acute administration of Melissa officinalis (lemon balm). Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 2002, 72(4), S.953-964

19. Akhondzadeh, S.; Noroozian, M.; Mohammadi, M.; Ohadinia, S.; Jamshidi, A. H. und Khani, M.: Melissa officinalis extract in the treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease: a double blind, randomised, placebo controlled trial. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry, 2003, 74(7), S.863-866

20. Kennedy, D. O.; Wake, G.; Savelev, S.; Tildesley, N. T.; Perry, E. K.; Wesnes, K. A. und Scholey, A. B.: Modulation of mood and cognitive performance following acute administration of single doses of Melissa officinalis (Lemon balm) with human CNS nicotinic and muscarinic receptor-binding properties. Neuropsychopharmacology, 2003, 28(10), S.1871-1881

21. Block, K. I.; Gyllenhaal, C. und Mead, M. N.: Safety and efficacy of herbal sedatives in cancer care. Integr Cancer Ther, 2004, 3(2), S.128-148

22. Kennedy, D. O.; Little, W. und Scholey, A. B.: Attenuation of laboratory-induced stress in humans after acute administration of Melissa officinalis (Lemon Balm). Psychosom Med, 2004, 66(4), S.607-613

23. Savickas, A.; Ramanauskiene, K.; Savickiene, N.; Kazlauskas, S.; Masteikova, R. und Chalupova, Z.: [Selection of an extraction agent and development of the technology for producing an extract with sedative effects]. Ceska Slov Farm, 2004, 53(1), S.35-38

24. Meolie, A. L.; Rosen, C.; Kristo, D.; Kohrman, M.; Gooneratne, N.; Aguillard, R. N.; Fayle, R.; Troell, R.; Townsend, D.; Claman, D.; Hoban, T.; Mahowald, M.; CN- Clinical, P. ractice Review Committee. und CN- American, A. cademy of Sleep Medicine.: Oral nonprescription treatment for insomnia: an evaluation of products with limited evidence. J Clin Sleep Med, 2005, 1(2), S.173-187

25. Ulbricht, C.; Brendler, T.; Gruenwald, J.; Kligler, B.; Keifer, D.; Abrams, T. R.; Woods, J.; Boon, H.; Kirkwood, C. D.; Hackman, D. A.; Basch, E.; Lafferty, H. J. und CN- Natural, S. tandard Research Collaboration.: Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.): an evidence-based systematic review by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration. J Herb Pharmacother, 2005, 5(4), S.71-114

26. Apak, R.; Guclu, K.; Ozyurek, M.; Esin Karademir, S. und Ercag, E.: The cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity and polyphenolic content of some herbal teas. Int J Food Sci Nutr, 2006, 57(5-6), S.292-304

27. Kennedy, D. O.; Little, W.; Haskell, C. F. und Scholey, A. B.: Anxiolytic effects of a combination of Melissa officinalis and Valeriana officinalis during laboratory induced stress. Phytother Res, 2006, 20(2), S.96-102

28. Kennedy, D. O. und Scholey, A. B.: The psychopharmacology of European herbs with cognition-enhancing properties. Curr Pharm Des, 2006, 12(35), S.4613-4623

29. Muller, S. F. und Klement, S.: A combination of valerian and lemon balm is effective in the treatment of restlessness and dyssomnia in children. Phytomedicine, 2006, 13(6), S.383-387

30.  Management of insomnia: a place for traditional herbal remedies. Prescrire Int, 2005, 14(77), S.104-107

31. Unger, M.: [Botanical sedatives]. Pharm Unserer Zeit, 2007, 36(3), S.206-212

32. Hammerness, P.; Basch, E.; Ulbricht, C.; Barrette, E. P.; Foppa, I.; Basch, S.; Bent, S.; Boon, H.; Ernst, E. und CN- Natural, S. tandard Research Collaboration.: St John's wort: a systematic review of adverse effects and drug interactions for the consultation psychiatrist. Psychosomatics, 2003, 44(4), S.271-282

33. Johne, A. und Roots, I.: [Adverse drug effects and interactions. What is the current thinking about the use of St. John's wort?]. Pharm Unserer Zeit, 2003, 32(3), S.242-246

34. Pfrunder, A.; Schiesser, M.; Gerber, S.; Haschke, M.; Bitzer, J. und Drewe, J.: Interaction of St John's wort with low-dose oral contraceptive therapy: a randomized controlled trial. Br J Clin Pharmacol, 2003, 56(6), S.683-690

35. Knuppel, L. und Linde, K.: Adverse effects of St. John's Wort: a systematic review. J Clin Psychiatry, 2004, 65(11), S.1470-1479

36. Arold, G.; Donath, F.; Maurer, A.; Diefenbach, K.; Bauer, S.; Henneicke-von Zepelin, H. H.; Friede, M. und Roots, I.: No relevant interaction with alprazolam, caffeine, tolbutamide, and digoxin by treatment with a low-hyperforin St John's wort extract. Planta Med, 2005, 71(4), S.331-337

37. Gastpar, M.; Singer, A. und Zeller, K.: Efficacy and tolerability of hypericum extract STW3 in long-term treatment with a once-daily dosage in comparison with sertraline. Pharmacopsychiatry, 2005, 38(2), S.78-86

38. Izzo, A. A.: Herb-drug interactions: an overview of the clinical evidence. Fundam Clin Pharmacol, 2005, 19(1), S.1-16

39. Murphy, P. A.; Kern, S. E.; Stanczyk, F. Z. und Westhoff, C. L.: Interaction of St. John's Wort with oral contraceptives: effects on the pharmacokinetics of norethindrone and ethinyl estradiol, ovarian activity and breakthrough bleeding. Contraception, 2005, 71(6), S.402-408

40. Valerio LG, J. r.: Review: hypericum extracts are safer and lead to fewer adverse effects than older standard antidepressants, but have similar tolerability to SSRIs. Evid Based Ment Health, 2005, 8(3), S.71

41.  About the cover: St. John's wort. J Soc Integr Oncol, 2006, 4(1), S.52-55

42. Clement, K.; Covertson, C. R.; Johnson, M. J. und Dearing, K.: St. John's wort and the treatment of mild to moderate depression: a systematic review. Holist Nurs Pract, 2006, 20(4), S.197-203

43. Dasgupta, A. und Bernard, D. W.: Herbal remedies: effects on clinical laboratory tests. Arch Pathol Lab Med, 2006, 130(4), S.521-528

44. Fusar-Poli, P.; Picchioni, M.; Martinelli, V.; Bhattacharyya, S.; Cortesi, M.; Barale, F. und Politi, P.: Anti-depressive therapies after heart transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant, 2006, 25(7), S.785-793

45. Gastpar, M.; Singer, A. und Zeller, K.: Comparative efficacy and safety of a once-daily dosage of hypericum extract STW3-VI and citalopram in patients with moderate depression: a double-blind, randomised, multicentre, placebo-controlled study. Pharmacopsychiatry, 2006, 39(2), S.66-75

46. Kasper, S.; Anghelescu, I. G.; Szegedi, A.; Dienel, A. und Kieser, M.: Superior efficacy of St John's wort extract WS 5570 compared to placebo in patients with major depression: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial [ISRCTN77277298]. BMC Med, 2006, 4, S.14

47. Madabushi, R.; Frank, B.; Drewelow, B.; Derendorf, H. und Butterweck, V.: Hyperforin in St. John's wort drug interactions. Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 2006, 62(3), S.225-233

48. Moreno, R. A.; Teng, C. T.; Almeida, K. M. und Tavares Junior, H.: Hypericum perforatum versus fluoxetine in the treatment of mild to moderate depression: a randomized double-blind trial in a Brazilian sample. Rev Bras Psiquiatr, 2006, 28(1), S.29-32

49. Mueller, S. C.; Majcher-Peszynska, J.; Uehleke, B.; Klammt, S.; Mundkowski, R. G.; Miekisch, W.; Sievers, H.; Bauer, S.; Frank, B.; Kundt, G. und Drewelow, B.: The extent of induction of CYP3A by St. John's wort varies among products and is linked to hyperforin dose. Eur J Clin Pharmacol, 2006, 62(1), S.29-36

50. Murck, H.; Spitznagel, H.; Ploch, M.; Seibel, K. und Schaffler, K.: Hypericum extract reverses S-ketamine-induced changes in auditory evoked potentials in humans - possible implications for the treatment of schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry, 2006, 59(5), S.440-445

51. Schulz, H. U.; Schurer, M.; Bassler, D. und Weiser, D.: Investigation of the effect on photosensitivity following multiple oral dosing of two different hypericum extracts in healthy men. Arzneimittelforschung, 2006, 56(3), S.212-221

52. Kammerer, E.: [Phytogenic sedatives-hypnotics--does a combination of valerian and hops have a value in the modern drug repertoire?]. Z Arztl Fortbild (Jena), 1993, 87(5), S.401-406

53. Cauffield, J. S. und Forbes, H. J.: Dietary supplements used in the treatment of depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders. Lippincotts Prim Care Pract, 1999, 3(3), S.290-304

54. Block, K. I.; Gyllenhaal, C. und Mead, M. N.: Safety and efficacy of herbal sedatives in cancer care. Integr Cancer Ther, 2004, 3(2), S.128-148

55. Meolie, A. L.; Rosen, C.; Kristo, D.; Kohrman, M.; Gooneratne, N.; Aguillard, R. N.; Fayle, R.; Troell, R.; Townsend, D.; Claman, D.; Hoban, T.; Mahowald, M.; CN- Clinical, P. ractice Review Committee. und CN- American, A. cademy of Sleep Medicine.: Oral nonprescription treatment for insomnia: an evaluation of products with limited evidence. J Clin Sleep Med, 2005, 1(2), S.173-187

56. Wheatley, D.: Medicinal plants for insomnia: a review of their pharmacology, efficacy and tolerability. J Psychopharmacol, 2005, 19(4), S.414-421

57. Chadwick, L. R.; Pauli, G. F. und Farnsworth, N. R.: The pharmacognosy of Humulus lupulus L. (hops) with an emphasis on estrogenic properties. Phytomedicine, 2006, 13(1-2), S.119-131

58. Krystal, A. D.: Treating the health, quality of life, and functional impairments in insomnia. J Clin Sleep Med, 2007, 3(1), S.63-72

59. Akhondzadeh, S.; Naghavi, H. R.; Vazirian, M.; Shayeganpour, A.; Rashidi, H. und Khani, M.: Passionflower in the treatment of generalized anxiety: a pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial with oxazepam. J Clin Pharm Ther, 2001, 26(5), S.363-367

60. Dhawan, K.; Kumar, S. und Sharma, A.: Anxiolytic activity of aerial and underground parts of Passiflora incarnata. Fitoterapia, 2001, 72(8), S.922-926

61. Dhawan, K.; Kumar, S. und Sharma, A.: Anti-anxiety studies on extracts of Passiflora incarnata Linneaus. J Ethnopharmacol, 2001, 78(2-3), S.165-170

62. Krenn, L.: [Passion Flower (Passiflora incarnata L.)--a reliable herbal sedative]. Wien Med Wochenschr, 2002, 152(15-16), S.404-406

63. Dhawan, K.: Drug/substance reversal effects of a novel tri-substituted benzoflavone moiety (BZF) isolated from Passiflora incarnata Linn.--a brief perspective. Addict Biol, 2003, 8(4), S.379-386

64. Dhawan, K.; Dhawan, S. und Sharma, A.: Passiflora: a review update. J Ethnopharmacol, 2004, 94(1), S.1-23

65. Capasso, A. und Sorrentino, L.: Pharmacological studies on the sedative and hypnotic effect of Kava kava and Passiflora extracts combination. Phytomedicine, 2005, 12(1-2), S.39-45

66. Ernst, E.: Herbal remedies for anxiety - a systematic review of controlled clinical trials. Phytomedicine, 2006, 13(3), S.205-208

67. Miyasaka, L. S.; Atallah, A. N. und Soares, B. G.: Passiflora for anxiety disorder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 2007,(1)

68. Sarris, J.: Herbal medicines in the treatment of psychiatric disorders: a systematic review. Phytother Res, 2007, 21(8), S.703-716